There are a lot of new terminologies, phrases, and acronyms for everyone to learn and comprehend as transition from internal combustion engines to electric automobiles.
Additionally, a wide variety of accessories are used to charge electric vehicles, so it’s important to keep up with the most recent innovations.
The biggest issues for new electric car consumers are charging and range. When it comes to charging, there is a lot of misunderstanding, particularly when it comes to the many plug types, charging speed, and even costs.
So, in this article, we’ll go over a few key points you should be aware of regarding charging your electric vehicle.
There are 2 types of AC electric vehicle charging plugs available:
- Type 1
This is also known as: J1772, SAE J1772. This plug could be used for any single-phase charging. Usually charged on 240V AC for about 32amp 7.6kW.
It is normally used as the benchmark of plug for Japan and North America.
- Type 2
This is also called as: IEC 62196, Mennekes. This type of plug is used for any single and three phase charging such as:
- Single phase, 230V AC up to 32amp 7.6kW
- Three phase, 415V AC up to 32amp 22kW
It is employed as the common plug type in Europe and has taken over as the common plug type in Australia. Here in Australia, Jucer can supply you Type 2 Portable EV Charger 2.4kW.
When you talk about electric vehicles, there is frequently misunderstanding surrounding the many EV kinds, such as:
For the sake of this charging guide, we are solely concerned with BEVs and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), which are “charged” by being plugged in. Home outlets, wall-mounted chargers, and public charging stations are all options for doing this.
For a full charge, which normally results in a 400 km range, the average time taken for charging can range from 30 hours in case of AC Charging up to half an hour in the case of DC Fast Charging.
Any motor vehicle that simply uses a high-density battery as its source of power and does not exhaust any pollutants from the tailpipe is considered a battery-electric vehicle (BEV).
A tiny electric motor and an internal combustion (ICE) engine power plug-in hybrid electric vehicle are known as PHEV. Although it frequently works with the engine to save fuel, enhance performance, and provide longer range, the electric motor can drive any car independently in most circumstances for emissions-free driving.
The Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV and the MG HS Plug-in Hybrid are two typical examples.
Four types of EV charging connectors
Basically, there are 2 ways to charge an electric car:
- AC Charging
Using AC charge stations, slow charging is possible at home, also while on the go, and at your work.
- DC charging
Quick charging, typically carried out at public charging stations.
In Australia, type 2 plugs are used exclusively for AC charging, and type CCS and, to a lesser extent, CHAdeMO plugs are used for DC charging.