Weed Tapestry is a woven decorative fabric, the design of which is built up in the course of weaving. It has been used for almost any heavy materials, handwoven, machine woven and it is even embroidered, used to cover furniture, walls, floors for decoration purposes for clothing. During the 18th and 19th centuries, however, the technical definition of tapestry include only heavy, reversible, patterned, or figured handwoven textiles usually it is in the form of hangings or floorcovering. Tapestry traditionally has been a sign of luxury art afforded only by wealthy and even in 21st century large scale handwoven which is quite expensive for those with average incomes.
Tapestries are designed as single panels or sets. It is a set group of individual panels which is related to subjects, style, and workmanship and intended to be together. The number of pieces in a set varies according to the dimensions of the walls that should be covered. During the 17th century set, the life of Louis XIV, was designed by the king’s painter name was Charles le Brun, he included 14 tapestries and two supplementary panels. The number of pieces in 20th-century sets is considered smaller.
POLYNESIA, which was designed by the modern French painter Henri Matisse. It has only two pieces, and Mont-Saint-Michel, woven from a cartoon by the contemporary graver and sculptor whose name was Henri- Georges Adam, he is a triptych. Until 19th-century tapestries were ordered in Europe by the room than by a single panel. Room order includes not only wall hangings but also tapestry weavings to the furniture, cushions- covers, and also the bed canopies and other items as well. Most of the western tapestry has been used as a type of movable decoration for large architectural surfaces. In the 18th century, tapestries were frequently carved in the woodwork.
In the west, tapestry has been a collective art combining the talents of the painter, designer with those of the weaver. Earlier European tapestries were woven in the middle ages. These were made by weavers who exercised much of their own ingenuity following the cartoon or artist’s sketch for the design.
It increasingly became woven reproductions of paintings, and the weaver it was long regarded as the painter collaborators but became his imitator. In medieval France and Belgium, a painter’s work was always executed tapestry through the intermediary of the weaver. The tapestry was woven directly by the painter who created it remains an exception.
The most widely materials used for making the wrap is wool or the parallel series of thread that run lengthwise in fabric for the tapestry. the advantage wool provides in the weaving process of tapestries is the available, workable, durable, and lastly the fact that it can be easily dyed which will help to obtain in a wide variety and range of colors.
Wool is used with a combination of linen, silk, cotton threads. The materials make possible a greater variety and contrast of color and texture and are better suited than wool to detail weaving or to create a delicate effect.
Light-colored silks were used to create the pictorial effect of tonal gradation and spatial recession in European tapestry. silk thread was used for highlights or to give a luminous effect when it is contrasted with dull and dark-colored woolen threads. In 18th-century European tapestries, silk was mostly used, especially at the Beauvais factory in France, was used to achieve tonal effects. Chinese and Japanese tapestries have both wraps and weft threads of silk.
Pure silk tapestries were made in the middle ages by the Byzantines and in parts of the middle east. Linen tapestries were made in ancient Egpyt. Cotton and wool were used for pre-Columbian Peruvian tapestries as well as some of them were made in the Islamic world during the middle ages.During the 12th century, European weavers used gold and silver threads along with wool and silk to obtain a glorious effect. The threads made of plain or gilded silver threads wound in a spiral silk thread.